It is not only the UK facing a chart crisis. The practice went public in a beef between Nicki Minaj and Travis Scott, where the former accused the latter of beating her to the US No 1 by gaming the charts — even though Minaj was also playing the bundle game. It is a long way from the straightforward chart-rigging of the past, when unscrupulous sorts sent teams around the UK in vans to buy up multiple copies of singles from chart-return shops, or where labels issued singles on 10 or more formats cassette, CD, inch, seven-inch, picture disc etc until the charts were shamed into restricting the number of eligible options. That all now feels like a simpler time. Today, chart companies are permanently scrambling to keep up with technology. What was once a hugely unscientific undertaking — the UK singles chart was born in when Maurice Kinn called up a handful of record shops and printed a Top 12 in NME — has become too scientific, and record companies forensically comb the rules for loopholes they can exploit. As music unspools in a million different ways, the Top 40 as the place to make sense of it all has had its validity shattered. The charts are now, to misquote Churchill, an algorithm wrapped in a T-shirt, inside an enigma. Top of the flops: is streaming rendering the charts obsolete?
Where the heat is on
The Steps of Network Analysis
Until the pop music charts were notoriously unreliable. Paying off record store employees with free albums, concert tickets and even vacations and washing machines was the standard music-business method of manipulating record sales figures. Even the Billboard magazine charts, considered the most prestigious in the business, were compiled from store managers' oral reports, which were inaccurate to begin with and easily swayed. That was before Soundscan.
Many executives invest considerable resources in restructuring their companies, drawing and redrawing organizational charts only to be disappointed by the results. Often what needs attention is the informal organization, the networks of relationships that employees form across functions and divisions to accomplish tasks fast. These informal networks can cut through formal reporting procedures to jump start stalled initiatives and meet extraordinary deadlines.
The Charts were an American doo-wop group of the s, most famous for their recording "Deserie". They were signed to the Everlast label, owned by Bobby Robinson 's brother Danny, who released their first single "Deserie" in May The song's authorship was credited to Cooper and Johnson, although singer Joe Grier later claimed that he had written the song along with the group's other material. The record was No. After a few more singles for Everlast, the original Charts disbanded in when Grier went into the service. On his return, he took up the saxophone, and featured on the instrumental hit by Les Cooper and his group the Soul Rockers, " Wiggle Wobble " No. Brown and Binns kept the group's name going for several years with new members.